Hermas - decay of the Greek prepositions - James Rendel Harris

Steven Avery

Codex Bezae: A Study of the So-called Western Text of the New Testament (1891)
James Rendel Harris

3. Decay of the Oreek prepositions.
There are a few residual forms in the Greek which need a
word or two of explanation. We must expect an occasional streak
of Latin influence; indeed this has already been alluded to. Such
cases are Xe7rp<o<To<i, <fiXaye\\coo-a<; etc. Probably to the same
influence is due the exchange of the x sound for s in ovcwXi??,
which we find in Mark ix. 48. The typical change of this kind is
senes for senex; which is one of Dr Hamann’s test cases for Italian
forms. It is doubtful whether the geographical limits can be
so sharply drawn.


It will be said that these are accidents; I think not; we find
similar traces of linguistic change elsewhere; for instance, the text
of Hermas in the Codex Sinaiticus is not free from them.

Last edited:

Steven Avery

See Kevin McGrane - Cooper article - p.33-34

A Review of the Forgin of Codex Sinaiticus by Dr. W. R. Cooper ...


magnifying glasses and compare the formation of the letter M in both codices. They will see that it is
very plain that they are not the work of the same scribe.

This observation may also lend some strength to the argument that the manuscript is later than mid- fourth century. We note that Scribe D is a far more competent than scribe than A, and both are better than B. Scribe D, who makes far fewer mistakes in copying has the more 'canonical' Biblical majuscule script: he has learned not only to spell but how to form his letters perfectly, including the form of mu. Orsini and Clarysse note among 'The constituent elements of this canon' the formation 'mu in four strokes'. Scribe D observes this, but Scribes A and B do not - at least, not consistently. Other scripts around from earlier to later than the fourth century had the middle stroke of the mu turned into a single curve. However, it should be investigated whether Scribe A, when required to use the Biblical majuscule style, incorporated elements of a later 'decline' from canonical form: 'The fourth century is an important moment in the history of this script.. .[FJrom the end of this century a long decline sets in, which continues until the ninth-tenth centuries. The graphic rules of the start of the period gradually become less rigidly observed.' Early New Testament Manuscripts and Their Dates: A Critique of Theological Palaeography, in Ephemerides Theologicae Lovaniensis 88/4 (2012), pp.451-2.



Early New Testament Manuscripts and Their Dates. A Critique of Theological Palaeography (2012)
Pasquale ORSINI – Willy CLARYSSE
Last edited: