Clement of Alexandria - Theodotus

Steven Avery

Administrator
Clement (Clemens) of Alexandria - The Theodotus reference

Charles Forster
https://books.google.com/books?id=EKwCAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA53

Clement of Alexandria == Ps-Clemens

"By two and three witnesses every word is established.
By Father, and Son, and Holy Spirit,

by whose witness and help the prescribed commandments ought to be kept."

Eclogæ of ps.-Clement of Alexandria (PG 9:704), cit. Forster, 74, :

Πᾶν ῥῆμα ἵσταται ἐπὶ δύο καὶ τριῶν μαρτύρων, ἐπὶ πατρὸς καὶ υἱοῦ καὶ ἁγίου πνεύματος,
ἐφ' ὧν μαρτύρων καὶ βοηθῶν αἱ ἐντολαὶ λεγόμεναι φυλάσσεσθαι ὀφείλουσιν.

“Pán ríma ístatai epí dýo kaí trión martýron, ep (?) ípatrós kaí yioú kaí agíou pnévmatos,
ef ón martýron kaí voithón ai entolaí legómenai fylássesthai ofeílousin."

Eclogae propheticae
http://www.documentacatholicaomnia.eu/1004/1002/Z_964_961_953_8182_957.html
https://cts.perseids.org/read/greekLit/tlg0555/tlg005/opp-grc1/1-20
 
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Steven Avery

Administrator
Facebook
Pure Bible - two posts
https://www.facebook.com/groups/purebible/permalink/2826196417472229/?comment_id=2908268055931731

The first post is an Introduction to Theodotus:

2nd Century - Theodotus

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So far, these all seem to be the same individual: l

Theodotus
http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/theodotus.html

Theodotus of Byzantium
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodotus_of_Byzantium

Theodotus the Gnostic
https://www.britannica.com/biography/Theodotus-the-Gnostic

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Notes here from the Daniel Wallace book.

Revisiting the Corruption of the New Testament: Manuscript, Patristic, and Apocryphal Evidence (2011)
https://books.google.com/books?id=838A8BDUI5kC

p. 60 - Philip R. Miller
p. 140-142 - Adam G. Messer
p. 241 - Brian J. Wright

Theodotus the Money-Changer, Adoptionist (during Zephyrinus 198-217) was a disciple of:

Theodotus the Tanner (Eusebius Hist. eccl. 5.28.3)
https://books.google.com/books?id=838A8BDUI5kC&pg=PA142

Theodotus the Cobbler
https://books.google.com/books?id=838A8BDUI5kC&pg=PA60
"Eusebius also recorded an anonymous account of some disciples of Theodotus the Cobbler who intentionally corrupted their copies of the Scriptures.12 "
12. Eusebius, Hist. eccl. 5.28.16.

==

Revision Revised (1881)
John William Burgon
https://books.google.com/books?id=nXkw1TAatV8C&pg=PA323

Textual Mechanic - Timothy Mitchell
Asclepiodotus and Theodotus, the Banker:
http://thetextualmechanic.blogspot.com/2014/09/asclepiodotus-and-theodotus-banker.html

==

p. 140-14

Adoptionism did not hit Rome until around 190 CE, and Epiphanius claims that its originator was Theodotus the Tanner.50 It soon exerted enough influence to elicit the reactions of concerned, orthodox apologists.51 Whatever manuscript influence Adoptionists

50 Epiphanius, Panarion 34. Theodotus the Tanner was active during the late second century. More precise dates for those considered heretics are sometimes unattainable. Approximate dates will be included when available. Epiphanius's discussion of Theodotus from Byzantium is available for the English reader in Frank Williams, Vie Panarion of Epiphanius: Books II and III (Sects 47-80, De Fide), Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies 36 (Leiden: Brill, 1994), 2,72-77,91.

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Thomas Burgess gives us a sense of how Theodotus is controversial.

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Tracts on the divinity of Christ, and on the repeal of the statute against blasphemy. To which is prefixed a preface containing strictures on the recent publications of mr. Belsham and dr. Carpenter (1820)
Thomas Burgess
https://books.google.com/books?id=NbgHAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA375

5. Mr. Belsham says (p. 403),
“the ancient Unitarians always maintained, that theirs was the prevailing doctrine in the church, till the time of Victor, Bishop of Rome, about A. D. 200, who excommunicated Theodotus of Byzantium, a learned Unitarian. This assertion of the Unitarians is contradicted, but not disproved, by Eusebius and others.”

This claim to Apostolical authority, whatever Mr. Belsham may say, was effectually repelled by Irenaeus, Tertullian, Clemens Alexandrinus, Caius, Eusebius, &c. In modem times the claim was revived by Zwicker and Toland, and was refuted by Comenius and Bishop Bull, and by Mosheim. To Comenius, Zwicker replied by arguments, which Ittigius says were not worth answering. ... (Latin and references) ... “ Zwicker’s assertion has been of late years renewed by Mr. Lindsey and Dr. Priestley, who were refuted by Dr. Randolph and Bishop Horsley, To Dr. Priestley’s theories Mr. Belsham has succeeded, without enlarging either his illustrations or authorities; and, if I mistake not, I have fully shown, that the great authority, on whom Mr. Belsham’s historical argument chiefly rests, has not asserted what he imputes to him, and tljat it was impossible he should.

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Thomas Randolph is similar to Burgess
https://books.google.com/books?id=2_NhAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA131

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Theodotus is listed as the first clear support of Matthew 28:19 as in our traditional text. Also I have him listed for Matthew 3:11, Matthew 10:8, Luke 2:22, John 1:18 (split, God and Son) and John 8:40

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All this above is to help unravel the identity of our Theodotus, next we will get into the section that comes from Ps-Clement of Alexandria.

Ps-Clement of Alexandria --Theodotus

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Steven Avery

Administrator
The next post is the Clement of Alexandria reference:

Clement of Alexandria - Theodotus Ref

3. "By two and three witnesses every word is established.
By Father, and Son, and Holy Spirit,
by whose witness and help the prescribed commandments ought to be kept."

https://books.google.com/books?id=qIRPAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA121 (1872)
http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/theodotus.html

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New Plea - Charles Forster
https://books.google.com/books?id=yXIsAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA73

But these Patristic representations of the three Divine Persons as ‘ Witnesses,’ and apparent allusions, consequently, to the only Scripture in which the three are so introduced, are anticipated, at once, and brought home to the text of the three Heavenly Witnesses, by an authority dating little more than a single century from the date of St. John’s First Epistle itself. This authority is preserved in the works of St. Clemens Alexandrinus; and is allowed on all hands to be either his own writing, or that of a writer of the same period, Theodotus. The primitive antiquity of the passage in question is indisputable and undisputed. Its literal agreement with 1 John v. 7, I will add, is such, that the spirit of theological controversy could alone, one might think, deny it the character of what Paley terms ‘a tacit quotation.'

The connection indicated in this passage between the Mosaic law of witness and its highest exemplification in St. John’s three Heavenly Witnesses, self-evidently commends it to the uncontroversial eye as, at once, a tacit quotation of and comment on the disputed verse. This first impression, however, will be obviously strengthened, if, on examination, the passage prove to contain two distinct clauses, and that both clauses are found in the First Epistle of St. John. That this is so, the annexed table will sufficiently establish.

CONTINUES WITH 1 JOHN CONNECTIONS AND SUMMARY

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GREEK AND LATIN

5. Clement of Alexandria (or Theodotus), Op. Clement, tom.2, p. 992, ed. Potter :—

“In duobus et tribus testibus stat omne verbum; in Patre.et
Filio et Sancti Spiritu; quibus testibus et adjutoribus ae quae
sunt precepta servari debent”
https://books.google.com/books?id=LRMEAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA274
 
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Steven Avery

Administrator
Clement of Alexandria
Paedagogus

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paedagogus

Paedagogus (Greek: Παιδαγωγός, "Pedagogue") is the second in the great trilogy of Clement of Alexandria.

Having laid a foundation in the knowledge of divine truth in the first book, he goes on in the Paedagogus to develop a Christian ethic. His design does not prevent him from taking a large part of his material from the Stoic Musonius Rufus, the master of Epictetus; but for Clement the real instructor is the incarnate Logos.

The first book deals with the religious basis of Christian morality, the second and third with the individual cases of conduct. As with Epictetus, true virtue shows itself with him in its external evidences by a natural, simple, and moderate way of living.

Edward Burton p. 56
https://archive.org/details/Testimo...athersecfAntiNiceneFathers-/page/n77/mode/2up

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The History of Heresies and Their Refutation: Or, The Triumph of the Church
By Saint Alfonso Maria de' Liguori
https://books.google.com/books?id=KDUcMAXZ2yEC&pg=PA428

On p. 427-428 he has a lot like Hammond. He includes two from Paedogogus.
His context is 3-ness and Deity of the Spirit, his examples include heavenly witnesses allusions.

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Henry Hammond
https://books.google.com/books?id=3ysVAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA467
http://www.archive.org/stream/paraphraseannota04hammuoft#page/467/mode/1up

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