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Thread: the Arabic notes

  1. Default the Arabic notes

    And not just notes. See below from Skeat.

    The notes show what appear to be two contradictory dates from Tischendorf, and a totally different appraisal from Gosche and Tregelles.
    So where is the real palaeography?


    Facebook discussion:

    Pure Bible - Feb, 2014
    medieval writing and Arabic notes

    Sinaiticus - August, 2014
    Arabic writing



    Heinrich Leberecht Fleischer (1801-1888)

    The Reader
    William Aldis Wright

    The Arabic writing on a leaf of Isaiah in the " Codex Sinaiticus " is pronounced by Professor Fleischer, perhaps the best Arabic scholar in Germany, to belong to belong to the first century of the Hejra, that is, to the seventh century AD.

    Samuel Tregelles

    Richard Gosche

    "Here and there a later hand has written Arabic notes in the margin, and these Tischendorf imagines are from the same hand that has made some corrections (apparently) in the eighth century: if so this would be an uncommonly ancient piece of Arabic writing: I showed the lithographed facsimile of the page to Dr. Goesche of the Royal Library, Berlin; and he tells me, (what I strongly suspected before) that the Arabic is very recent, also that it is by the hand of some Syrian, being (as I before knew) a liturgical note."
    Some Unpublished Letters of S. P. Tregelles Relating to the Codex Sinaiticus,
    Evangelical Quaterly, 1976 Timothy C. F. Stunt, p. 20
    "Very recent" sounds like the 15+ year period of tampering, 1844-1859.



    A full Collation of the Codex Sinaiticus with the received text of the New Textament (1864)

    Tischendorf affords us specimens of about four other persons' writing, scattered throughout the margin of this manuscript, but having no bearing upon the criticism of the text. Such are our Arabic notes appended to the Apocalypse, less rude in style than Da (p. xxv), and not earlier than the tenth century, and several subscriptions of about the twelfth century; one by a monk named Dionysius (vol. ii. fol. 16), given in out Facsimile (15)9, a signature by one Hilarion (vol. ii. fol. 41*), and three by one Theophylact (vol. ii. fol. 42 ; vol. iii. foil. 73* ; 112*). Tischendorf conjectures that these three were brethren of the Convent of St. Catherine, whither the Codex may have been brought on its foundation by the Emperor Justinian, about a.d. 530.

    Kirsopp Lake does not mention the Arabic writing in his NT introduction of 1912. More checking of the 1922 needed.


    Skeat - Scribes and Correctors of the Codex Sinaiticus, 1938


    David Charles Parker
    1453-1492 - Arabic note on Revelation 7:4 - Parker p. 119
    "medieval corrections.. some Arabic glosses, notably one that may be dated between 1453 and 1492. " -

    James E. Snapp, Jr.

    See pages 118-119 of D. C. Parker's "Codex Sinaiticus," in the chapter "Beyond the Scriptorium." He has a special section sub-titled "The Arabic Glosses." Parker mentions the existence of 12 Arabic notes, by two Arabic-writing annotators, and presents samples:

    (1) one Arabic-writing annotator wrote short explanatory notes alongside passages in Isaiah (and one alongside Zechariah 14:8). Parker offers the note at Isaiah 1:10 as an example of what we're looking at: it is a simple explanatory note (an interpretation, not a correction), stating that the text, though addressing the rulers of Sodom, is meant to describe the leaders of Israel (in Isaiah's day, long after Sodom was a smoking desolation).

    (2) the other Arabic-writing annotator made four notes in Revelation. One is below col. 3 and simply re-states what the text of Codex Sinaiticus says (probably to draw attention the faulty reading, 140,000, which should be, instead 144,000). Another note is an incorrect interpretation of Rev. 8:1ff., associating the Islamic conquest of Constantinople with the end of the world -- "And at the beginning of the seventh thousand" (i.e., the 7,000th year since the creation of the world) "a persecution will take place . . . A star of the Arabs, which looks like hellebore, will appear," etc.





    Arabic glosses
    The Arabic glosses are presented in notes (indicated by the � symbol). The glosses were written without pointing, but this has been included in the transcription, along with a translation. Two Arabic hands have been identified, and are named A and B

    [textualcriticism] Book of Revelation & Folio 129a of Sinaiticus
    Mark Thunderson - May 9, 2007
    Last edited by Steven Avery; 04-21-2018 at 03:27 AM.

  2. Default Arabic in Alexandrinus

    The Arabic note in Alexandrinus is subject to swirling dates as well.

    Skeat and Milne rejected a seventeenth-century dating of the Arabic inscription, asserting that Arabic scholar A. S. Fulton of the British Museum had confirmed a thirteenth- to fourteenth-century date, on palaeographic grounds.59

    59 T. C. Skeat and II. J. M. Milne, The Codex Sinaiticus and the Codex Alexandrinus with Six Illustrations (London: Trustees of the British Museum, 1938), 29. Unfortunately, this is the extent of the evaluation provided by Dr. Fulton through Skeat and Milne.
    A Study of the Gospels in Codex Alexandrinus: Codicology, Palaeography, and Scribal Hands (2014)
    William Andrew Smith
    Last edited by Steven Avery; 04-21-2018 at 03:21 AM.

  3. Default

    Pics and URLs of Arabic writing

    1:10 10:1 18:1 12 31:1 33:6 42:10 56:7

    f42b - scribe b - q43-1-r - - The prophet rebukes the leaders of Israel - Isaiah 1:10

    f42b - scribe b - q43-1-v -


    f45b - scribe b - q43-4-v - Isaiah 10:1 "from the chapter about Madian" &zoomSlider=0


    f47 - scribe b - q43-6-r - "the giants" Isaiah 12


    f48b - scribe b - q43-7-v - Isaiah 18:1 introduction - "Kingdom of Ethiopians which was taken by the sons of Israel"


    f54b - scribe b - q44-5-r - Isaiah 31:1 "overwritten by corrector D" "to those who set off.." interesting funny page rewrite cursive - retracing


    f54b - scribe: B q44-5-v intro to Isaiah 33:6-7 - "and he conquered the kingdom of Babel and took it"

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    f58b - scribe b - q45-1-v - "praise.." margin Isaiah 42:10


    f64 - scribe b - q45-7-v - "to those who are preoccupied" MARGINx2 Isaiah 56:7


    Four in Revelation

    Revelation - f327b - scribe a - q90-3-v - 1st part - Simonides (top and bottom)

    Revelation - f327b - scribe a - q90-3-v - BIG NOTE plus gloss S1010-Y colour

    Revelation - f328a - scribe a - q90-4-r - 2nd part - Simonides (bottom)

    Revelation - f328a - scribe a - q90-4-r - Revelation 7 - BIG NOTE - 12th century prophecy per James Asch (in 18th century style)


    Zechariah 14:8 - f85b - scribe b2 - q58-4-v - (two words) (bottom)

    Last edited by Steven Avery; 04-21-2018 at 03:22 AM.

  4. Default

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